Frank Pacquiao

user Test Engineer

city ISI

  • Inexpensive Electronic Thermometer

  • Created: Sep 28, 2014

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An inexpensive electronic thermometer is capable of measuring temperatures over a range of from -300F to +1200F. A diode-connected 2N3904 transistor is used as the temperature sensor forms a voltage divider with R1. As temperature increases, the voltage drop across the transistor changes by approximately -1.166 millivolts-per0F. As a result, the current at the noninverting input of U1, a 741 op amp with a gain of 5, decreases as the temperature measured by the sensor increases.

A second 741 op amp, U2 is configured as an inverting amplifier. Resistors R5 and R6 calibrate the circuit. Calibration is also straightforward. When properly done, a temperature of -300F will result in a meter reading of 0 milliamps, while a temperature of 1200F will result in a meter reading of 1 milliamp. Divide the scale between those points of equal segments and mark the divisions with the appropriate corresponding temperatures. The calibration is completed by placing the sensor in an environment with a known temperature, such as an ice-point bath. Place the sensor in the bath and adjust R6 until you get the correct meter reading.



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